WHAT IS BIOPHILIC DESIGN?
The term ‘biophilia’ was first invented by social psychologist Eric from (5. The Heart of Man, 1964 ) and later popularized by biologist Edward Wilson (Biophilia, 1984). Biophilia meaning love of nature which emphasises on human’s essential attraction to nature and natural processes. It proves that human beings have a genetic connection towards the natural world built up through hundreds of thousands of years of living in rural settings. The evident applications of natural elements in historic structures and places implies that biophilic design has been a crucial part of the design and planning.
Being a field of applied science, ‘biophilic design’ is the codification of history, human intuition and neural sciences showing that relationship with nature is fundamental and sustaining a healthy and vibrant existence as an urban society.
THE HUMAN-NATURE RELATIONSHIP:
The absolute factors of biophilic designs engage re-forming positive the relationship between humans and nature that foster a prolonged sense of relationship and responsibility for the human and natural communities. It’s about recreating a relationship that has existed for thousands of years. Biophilic design brings all of the previous components together. By performing this, a space will emphasise particular themes like order, safety, complexity, curiosity, mastery, control, affection, exploration, discovery, and awe. With the help of such themes, it’s easy to syndicate the modern with the timeless.
WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF BIOPHILIC DESIGN?
Biophilic design nurtures optimistic and sustained interactions and relationships between people and their surrounding natural environment. Humans are an inherently social species whose security and productivity depends on positive interactions within a spatial context. Effective biophilic design cultivates a strong connection between people and their environment, enhancing feelings of relationship, and a sense of association in a meaningful community. Biophilic design encourages emotional attachments to the surroundings.
By fulfilling our fundamental inclination to associate with nature, biophilic design generates an emotional attachment to specific or familiar spaces and places. These emotional attachments inspire people to perform better and boost their efficiency, and prompt us to ascertain with and sustain the habitations we occupy.
It is crucial to understand that biophilic design is more than just a new approach to make people more productive by applying an innovative technical tool. The successful application of biophilic design fundamentally depends on adopting a new consciousness towards nature, recognizing how much our physical and mental wellbeing continues to depend on the quality of our connections to the world beyond ourselves of which we remain apart.
The effective application of biophilic design should also result in a large range of physical, mental and behavioural benefits. Physical benefits include improved physical fitness, lower blood pressure, increase in comfort and satisfaction as well as helps to boost up the immunity system, and enhanced health.
The range of mental health benefit is from improved fulfilment and motivation, reduction in stress and anxiety, improving problem-solving ability and creativity.
Affirmative behavioural change includes better coping and mastery skills, improved attention and concentration span, enhanced social interaction skills, and reduction in aggression.
HOW DO WE IMPLEMENT BIOPHILIC DESIGN?
Sadly, contemporary society has inadequately supported the human requirement to associate with nature, raising different problems to the fulfilling experience of the natural world, frequently handling nature as simply as raw material to be transformed through technology or a nice but NOT necessarily recreational and aesthetic amenity. This rising gap between nature and humans is showed in much of our modern urban development and architectural design.
Much of today’s-built environment is designed lacking adequate natural light, natural ventilation, natural materials, vegetation, views, environmental shapes and forms, and other evolved affinities for the natural world.
Hence, by implementing the following simple ideas we can achieve biophilic ambience:
LARGE WINDOWS PROVIDING NATURAL VIEWS:
Providing large windows in residential and commercial buildings can sustain purpose biophilic design by establishing visual connections with users and allows to enter natural light into the building or space.
THE IMPORTANCE OF TOUCH:
The materials and fabrics we use to décor interior spaces can also help us to connect with the natural world. As an alternative to replacing old carpet with new carpet, making a deliberate choice of using wood flooring or bamboo flooring.
Connection with natural systems is one of the patterns of biophilic design. This connection with natural systems also represents the continuing changes and processes present in various ecosystems.
SIGNIFICANCE OF PRESENCE OF WATER:
Water is one of the most important factors of the natural world and one of the most absent elements from the contemporary buildings which generates negative ionization, a physiological stimulant to our human bodies.
Introducing flowing water into the interiors of residential and commercials buildings via fountains or sprays or any other innovative features is another easy way to implement this important factor of biophilic design.
APPLICATION OF AIR PURIFYING PLANT:
Plants don’t only add colours to the interiors but also improves the air quality of the space. By evaporation, plants can increase the humidity levels of the interiors. The plants can act as an air purifier and can also pull allergens in the house. Because of these qualities’ plants can drastically improve interior air quality.
Therefore, Biophilic design is largely becoming the norm for all kinds of spaces. Due to its prominent effect on humans and its phycology regular implementation of biophilic design is necessary. Because of its preferences from history, this proves its effectiveness is evident. You can implement this biophilic design by making small strategical changes in the office space to enhance the environment or design from the ground up biophilic design is extremely approachable and can easily be modified to fit your needs.